Standard vs. nutrient-enriched cow's milk and its impacts on child growth: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Stunting among children indicates malnutrition or undernutrition, hindering their growth and development. This will have negative effects on the overall health of children. This review investigates the effects of different types of cow’s milk and their impacts on children’s growth. A web-based search of Cochrane, Web of Science, SAGE, and Prospero was carried out using predetermined search/MESH phrases and keywords. The data extraction and analysis were carried out independently by two reviewers, who then double-checked, revised, and discussed any disagreements with a third reviewer. Eight studies met the inclusion criteria and were rated as good (N = 5) and fair quality (N = 3), which were included in the final analysis. The results illustrated that standard cow’s milk has more consistent findings than nutrient-enriched cow’s milk potentially in assisting children’s growth. However, studies on standard cow’s milk and child’s growth are still lacking for this age group. In addition, there are inconsistent findings between nutrient-enriched cow’s milk and children’s growth. It is crucial to ensure milk is included in children’s diets as per recommended nutrient intake.
Isa, Darwish Mohd
Majid, Hazreen Abdul